rug types explained


Rug types explained, to begin with, we first categorize rugs in two parts.

  • Rugs with a pile
  • Rugs without a pile

Flatweave rugs have no pile. It means that the fibers are woven back & forth like in Native American carpets, or kilims from Iran or Turkey. The other ones like durries from India and Pakistan. They are all examples of flat-woven area rugs.
Rugs with pile can be machine-made or handwoven. These rugs have a pile. They have a thickness because of the way of the rug’s creation. They’ve done either by tying the knots by hand or by machine weave using a power loom. They have a good thickness so it’s called pile rugs.
Now within that, there are machine-made and handmade rugs.
Let us learn some of the types of rugs one by one.

Types Of Rugs

  • Hand-knotted
  • Hand-tufted
  • Flatweave or Kilim or Dhurrie
  • Handloom
  • Machine-made
  • Hooked Rugs
  • Hide Rugs
  • Braided Rugs

Different Types Of Carpets And Rugs Explained

hand-knotted rugs

Hand-knotted Rugs
They are artfully woven by different types of fibers of the finest quality of wool & silk. The knots(KPSI) make up thousands of knots tied on top of one over the other forming intricate designs. These are also celebrity rugs as they are luxurious, royal-like, and expensive. These are also the “crème de la crème” in the world of carpets.
Hand-knotted rugs may take months to weave a single piece of normal rug size and KPSI. Hand-knotted rugs are a great investment that gets more precious with time. The older they get more valuable they become. This is due to the fact the length of time, the physical effort and the labor scarcity for developing these rugs.

Another thing that adds to the real beauty of it is that no two hand-knotted rugs can be an exact duplicate. Why? It’s because they are not machine made follow an automated regular sequential pattern of weaving. Instead, hand-knotted rugs are hey are ‘human hands’, made.

Oriental rugs are the most expensive rugs out of all types of rugs. They have more dense designs in them and they are handmade well as machine-made. Consider the one made in original silk and handpick them by visiting the rug store.

Helpful Tip: If you notice any fiber popping out on the surface of the rug, do not pull it. Pulling it can ruin the rug. Instead, cut the thread with a pair of scissors. Popping out of a thread in a rug is a common issue with every hand-knotted rug.

hand-tufted rugs

Hand-tufted Rugs
These rugs form by using a small gun like a tool called ‘tufting gun’. They’re made by punching strands of silk or wool on a cloth canvas stretched on a metallic frame. Sometimes at first glance people mistake tufted carpets for hand-knotted carpets. To determine the difference between hand-knotted & tufted look at their back. Unlike, hand-knotted rugs, tufted rugs have latex white canvas back with no trace of wool knots.

Latex is a sticky solution applied to the backside of tufted rugs to keep the wool fixed together.

These are stylish, budget-friendly and affordable wool pile rugs. They go well with great interiors. They are perfect for areas with heavy traffic like hall entryways, living rooms, etc.

Helpful Tip: One of the drawbacks of tufted rugs is that they shed. The shedding lessens with periodic vacuuming over time. Remember -these rugs have a pile. This means the area of the rug’s placement and the foot traffic it gets can affect the amount of shedding.

Durability: This type of rug is durable up to 5-10+ years. The durability depends on the quality and the material used by the carpet manufacturer.

Cleaning: It’s very much recommended to vacuum tufted rugs rather than water wash. It is because of the latex used on the canvas which might be lead to loosening of the wool.

flatweave rugs

Flatweave Rugs
These are the same as Kilim rugs or Dhurrie rugs. Flatweave rugs have no pile so they also don’t shed. They’re crafted on a loom rather than hand-knotted. It’s weaved by interweaving warp(length) and weft(width) threads. This technique of weaving makes the rug quite thin and highly exquisite.
This is not it, unlike pile carpets, flatweave rugs are reversible. The design patterns on both sides of the rug are the same in most cases. This means that either side of the flat-weave rugs can is used as and when needed.
Most flat weave or kilim rugs follow a geometrical and diagonal design pattern. These are inexpensive and affordable rugs. They very much preferred for flooring from bathrooms to kitchens.

Helpful Tips: Since flatwoven area rugs are skinny it’s essential to put a rug pad at the bottom of it. This will help restrict the rug from moving about.Tip:

Wool is the most essential and regularly the main material used to make a flat weave rug. Most flat-weaves use wool for the warps and wefts, both. Wool is the essential weft material used with cotton warps. The other materials used instead of wool is the art silk.

Difference between Flatweave, Kilim and Dhurrie Rugs

The basic difference between a flat-weave or rugs is only the difference in their names. Some rug importers call it kilim, the word coming from the tribal side. Some call it dhurrie, as Indians know it well by this name. In modern times, the west calls it flat-weave.

Handloom Rugs
Handloom carpets are hand-knotted carpets in three different styles. It is an alteration of knots and wefts. The knots here are wrapped around the warps. This is one of the most affordable types of rugs. They are easy to clean and maintain.

Machine-made Rugs
They are woven by power looms that are heavy electrical machines. The power looms run on automated computers. They follow a sequence-wise format for rug development. Unlike hand-woven rugs, machine-made carpets take lesser time in the making of the rug. The material used in the manufacturing of these types of carpet differ. They are usually blended wool with synthetic fibers like polypropylene, nylon. Also, other materials like polyester, art silk, and acrylic.

There is a reason why machine-made rugs use blended wool with synthetic for carpet making. Pure wool alone is a weaker fiber while synthetics are strong. When this two blend, they become soft and strong as well. Hence, power looms are not interrupted by the material thread breaking now and then. This otherwise is an issue with wool alone during the weaving process.


hooked rugs

Hooked Rugs
They are handmade using a needle-like tool. They are woven on a canvas and have a backing that supports the design stay together. They are an inexpensive and very popular type of rug.

Helpful Tip: Shedding and popping of fiber are quite common. Prevent pulling on any popping out fibers. Instead, cut it or snip it. Vacuuming them regularly will by itself reduce the shedding over time. Place the rug where it gets less foot traffic as it affects the shedding.

hide rugs

Hide Rugs
They are neither handmade nor machine made. Then what are they? Well, they are the outer skin of animals. Every animal’s skin has a unique pattern and texture on them, and this is all that makes them beautiful. Their skin goes through different processing so much so and so that it is only the leather and the furs. Some of the popular types hide rugs are sheepskin, goat hide, zebra hide, and cowhide.

braided rugs

Braided Rugs
The making of braided rugs is by tying pieces of fabric strips together. The fabrics may range from cotton to wool. Their thickness may differ. Wondering what decor they can match up to? Well, they are great for country home decor and traditional decor as well.

Another advantage of braided carpets is that they are reversible. This means that if the rug gets dirty, the other side can come in use. They also come in oval and round shapes and various sizes.

FQAs About Types Of Rugs

What are the types of rugs materials?
There are a variety of fibers that make different types of area rugs. Some materials are natural, while some are synthetic and some blend. The natural materials are wool, real-silk, cotton, jute, sisal, seagrass. They also include leather, faux fur/faux hide rugs. Some unnatural rug materials are like viscose, polypropylene, microfiber/polyester rugs, nylon, etc.

What are the types of rug weave?
Some of the most popular types of rug weaving are:
Shag(or shaggy)

What are some types of handmade rugs?
Handmade rugs are all those rugs the making of which is by using human hands and not machines. Some handmade rugs are hand-knotted, tufted, handloom, flatweave(or kilim) & braided rugs.

What rug materials to avoid?
What rug material to take and what to avoid can depend upon different factors. For high foot-traffic areas avoid avoiding fiber rugs like art silk(rayon or viscose). For outdoors and bathroom flooring go with nylon rather than wool. Avoid material like jute or viscose from wet places. Some might be allergic to synthetic fiber as they’re treated with chemicals. So better avoid if you or someone in the family is suffering from these issues.

What are the types of rugs for the bedroom?
Any rug that suit your eyes or pleases you, go for it. It’s more about a personal choice of the color, the rug’s pattern or the design. Yet, all you should consider is choosing the right rug size for your bedroom. If you have a good budget, then no doubt go with hand-knotted woolen rugs. Next, match the colors with the wall color, curtains, furniture and the bed itself.

What are some types of flatweave rugs?
Flatweave rugs are inexpensive and come in a variety of materials. They are lightweight, easy to clean. They do not have a pile and henceforth they never shed. Some of the categories of flatweave rugs are needlepoint rugs, hooked rugs, Panja dhurrie rugs, Aubusson, & chain stitch rugs.

What are wool rugs?
Wool rugs are the original types of rugs. They have a history of a thousand years. This natural fiber is got from sheep. They are easy to clean. If taken good care of they can last for more than fifty to a hundred years. These days wool rugs come with other synthetic fiber blends. Blended fibers make carpets and rugs inexpensive yet durable.

What are some expensive rug types?
The cost of a rug is usually determined in two ways. It’s either by the type of fiber used in making it or, by the quality(KPSI) of the rug. For instance, real-silk fiber rugs are very expensive. New Zealand wool is the finest wool amongst other wool types.
Higher the quality of a rug higher it cost. This means more time and labor put in making high-quality rugs. Some high quality hand-knotted normal size rug may take 6-8 months to produce them.

What are the types of rug piles?
Pile of a rug refers to the density of the fiber in a carpet. In other words, it is the thickness of the rugs. Within that, a rug can be a high pile or a low pile. Handwoven or hand-knotted rugs have a pile in them while flatweave or kilim or hurry rugs have no pile.

We hope you got our rug types explained well. Good luck with your home flooring. 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *